The meanings of common supplement terms
On this site, you
would have encountered some of the often used terms, associated with health supplements. Here are brief description
for those terms, in alphabet order. Check Wikipedia or other authoritative
sites for more information on any of these medical definitions.
In chemistry, analogue is a structural derivative
of a parent compound that often differs (varies) from it by a single element. It usually means that a particular
compound is very similar to its parent compound. For example, Adrafinil is an
earlier analogue to Modafinil - it means Adrafinil is very
similar to Modafinil.
The existence of the blood-brain barrier was first
noticed by Paul Ehrlich in the 19th Century. Essentially the blood-brain barrier is a membranic structure that
protects the brain from chemicals and other substances in the blood. Although this is designed as a protective
mechanism for the brain, some of substances or compounds are able to cross this barrier, such as for
example Melatonin and Picamilone, bringing about positive effects
on the brain and the body.
A 'feel-good' hormone and neurotransmitter is a
precursor (forerunner) of adrenaline. Neurotransmitters are chemicals used by the brain to communicate signals
between neurons and other cells. Low levels of dopamine are related to Parkinsons disease. Dopamine is extracted
from Dopa, which is used in treatment of Parkinsons. Smart drugs like Deprenyl (Selegiline) in particular
increase levels of dopamine in the brain and is used as preventative for Alzheimers and Parkinsons
GABA is short for 'gamma amino butyric acid'. It
is the amino acid that acts as an inhibitory neutrotransmitter in the brain. Found
in Picamilone and Piracetam. Increased amounts of GABA in the
body produce relaxing, anti-anxiety effects. GABA is also believed to increase the amount of HGH - Human
Also known as nicotinic acid, niacin is a water-soluble vitamin B3
(previously known as vitamin PP). This means it's easy absorbed, but not stored in the body. Niacin helps insulin
regulate blood sugar levels (useful for diabetics) and lowers cholesterol. Severe niacin deficiency can cause
pellagra - a vitamin deficiency disease.
Age Pigment - Also
known as age spots, it comes from "wear and tear" with age.
DMAE - Compound used in health
supplements to enhance vigilance and alertness.
Free Radicals - How
they arise and what damage they cause to the human body.
Nootropics - Known as smart drugs or cognitive enhancers, assist information
PCPA - Found in
Centrophenoxine, PCPA is used for depletion of serotonin.